20140528-184020-67220753.jpg

In the coming days, too Iran and EU diplomats are going to meet up in Turkey to address a snag in negotiations on a comprehensive nuclear agreement.

However, while European officials are rather negative about the talks, the Iranian ones seem to maintain a positive spin on the prospects of a deal.

Iranian president, Hassan Rouhani said a couple of days back, “today, the nuclear negotiation is progressing and is on the threshold of tracing a conclusion” and called for the parties to stop making excuses.

Former lead nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili, a conservative and close to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said “we should permit the Iranian nuclear negotiation team to proceed with its programs in the framework of ‘heroic lenience’ and we should all assist them in their bid to materialise the nation’s right.”

Seyed Hossein Naghavi Hosseini, spokesman for the Iranian Parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Committee, said there were ‘intense disagreements’ over a variety of issues during the Vienna talks, included an alleged P5+1 proposal for a 10-year rollout for sanctions relief.

Hosseini, who does not speak for the Iranian negotiating team led by the Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, rejected the charge that only certain sanctions be released in the nuclear talks, calling the segmentation of sanctions a ‘dangerous game’.

It should be mentioned, however, that Rouhani’s political adversaries in Iran, who oppose the nuclear talks, may already be planning a ‘containment’ strategy for the Iranian president.

20140528-184424-67464749.jpg

The Joint Plan of Action (JPA) agreed by the P5+1 and Iran last November, cites a “specified long-term duration” for the “final step of a comprehensive solution”, but 10 years may be too long in the Iranian score.

If there’s a 10-year rollout for sanctions relief, then Iran would likely counter that the P5+1 can expect a 10-year reciprocal response from Iran to the P5+1 demands on Iran’s enrichment program, the Arak (IR-40) reactor, implementation of the Additional Protocol and other technical issues to be resolved in the talks and that this time frame would in the end be impractical for both sides.

While US President Barack Obama has the executive authority to waive many of the sanctions on Iran, Iran might accept those waivers, perhaps as a first step in a process leading to full sanctions relief.

The United States and Iran should eventually welcome a broader discussion of those regional security sides that would need to be addressed to lift, not just waive, US sanctions on Iran.
“If Iran wants full relief from US oil and financial sanctions under the Iran Sanctions Act, the president must certify to Congress that Iran no longer seeks weapons of mass destruction, is no longer a state sponsor of terrorism and bi longer represents a significant threat to US national security interests and allies. So if both the United States and Iran are serious about sanctions relief, the conversation about Iran, Israel and Hezbollah, terrorist group backed by Iran, will need to be had.”

Bibliography:

Al Monitor: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/05/iran-sanctions-rouhani.html?utm_source=Al-Monitor+Newsletter+%5BEnglish%5D&utm_campaign=db143018df-Week_In_Review_25_5_2014&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_28264b27a0-db143018df-102320929
Euro News: http://www.euronews.com/newswires/2519890-iran-powers-want-too-much-in-nuclear-talks-but-hurdles-surmountable/
Reuters: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/05/27/iran-nuclear-eu-idUKL6N0OD2NY20140527

Leave a Reply